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Previous:

Skirmish at the Radio Site

Concurrent:

Battle Of Normandy

Next:

Unknown, eventually the Battle of Carentan

Battle Of Ramelle
Spr38.jpg
Miller taking cover in a crater
Conflict:

World War II

Date:

June 13, 1944

Place:

Ramelle, Normandy, France

Outcome:

Pyrrhic American Victory

Combatants
  • 2nd SS Panzer Division
Commanders

Captain John H. Miller

Major Hoess

Strength
  • 16-20 men
  • A sniper
  • Two machine gunners
  • A bazooka user and a bomb covered bridge.
Casualties

15

40+

The Battle at Ramelle was a fierce battle fought by American and German Soldiers in the town of Ramelle, France during the later stages of World War Two.

History[]

Background[]

With the capture of Cherbourg being the main objective of the American forces following Operation Overlord, the 82nd Airborne were responsible for destroying bridges along the Merderet river in order to delay German reinforcements on their way to the port city or beachhead.

However, in order to complete their own objectives they needed to keep a small number of bridges intact. Two bridges were spared at Valognes and Ramelle. Due to scattered paratrooper droppings and the general disorganization following D-Day, a mixed unit group of Paratroopers led by Captain Jennings were assigned to move on Ramelle and hold the bridge until mainland forces could secure it.

The Germans shelled the small village, possibly to soften the area for their own capture and hold scenario. The bombings killed Captain Jennings and probably others, leaving Corporal Henderson in charge. It's undetermined how long this mixed unit held the bridge, but it's hinted that they already repelled a small advance, most than likely following the shelling. The paratroopers were clearly not equipped for a lengthy operation.

Captain Miller and his men accidentally run into a 2nd SS unit in a half-track a few miles outside of Ramelle. Miller's men are confused when the half-track is destroyed, until members of the 101st Airborne Division come out of cover.  Corporal Henderson relays to Miller that the half-track was a recon unit of the 2nd SS Panzer Division, aware that a German move on the village is inevitable.

Miller seems to be more interested in one of the paratroopers; Private Ryan.

Henderson leads them back to Ramelle where Miller tells Ryan that his brothers have been K.I.A. and that he's going home. Distraught, Ryan refuses to leave the bridge until reinforcements arrive. Putting Miller into a tricky situation and potentially exposing his hypocrisy about the main objective being "to win the war." Miller decides to stay and takes command of the unit until either reinforcements arrive or the Germans attempt to push through to the beachhead.

Preparation[]

Given the limited manpower and resources available, Miller chooses to use a traditional kill-zone tactic. He hoped to funnel the enemy onto the Main Street, where crossfire from machine gun positions will shave away troop support to leave enemy armor exposed. He devised the use of makeshift "sticky bombs", Composition B filled socks covered in axle grease to render the tracks of the tanks useless upon detonation, leaving the tank immobile against an infantry attack. The disabled armor, however many, would clog the street, creating a roadblock.

Because of Ramelle's limited infrastructure on the contested side of the bridge , funneling the enemy onto the main street seemed like the only option. It's likely that Miller placed a team of paratroopers on the east side of the main street to put fire on any enemy soldiers who moved away from the kill-zone.

Miller placed Private Jackson in a bell tower on the main street that overlooks much of the contested area, giving Miller eyes on enemy movement as well as sniper cover, along with Private Parker on a 30 calibre machine gun.

Corporal Henderson and Private Mellish are given machine gun duty with the expectation that they'll need to displace to where the enemy is most saturated at any time, while Corporal Upham will follow with ammunition. Privare Reiben would act as bait on the Rabbit vehicle to get the Germans to go down the Main Street. After initial moves, the remaining troops will act as rovers, moving freely through the street or buildings, adapting as the battle unfolds.

If the Germans push the Americans back far enough, the remaining troops will retreat to the "Alamo" on the other side of the bridge and destroy it using planted explosives.

The calm before the storm[]

The American soldiers lounge waiting for a German counterattack or American reinforcements, with the former being the most likely. Mellish, Reiben and Sergeant Horvath sit and listen to a song by Edith Piaf, while Corporal Upham translates the song as they wait. Private Jackson monitors to see if any Germans approach in the bell tower with Parker while Miller attempts to salvage coffee from a coffee machine in a damaged building.

The soldiers prepare for the awaited assault.

He soon goes back outside only for Private Ryan to ask him what the song is about. Miller explains it is about a past lover whom Edith can't seem to forget. Ryan soon confesses how he can't remember his brother's faces. Miller explains to him to think of a context, something related to them, which Miller gives an example of his wife cutting a Rose bush.

Ryan soon discusses life back home and how one night his brothers woke him up to show him his eldest brother, Daniel Ryan, with a girl called Alice Jardine and how Sean shouts "Danny, you're a young man don't do it!". It soon results in Daniel trying to harm Sean only to end up setting the barn alight. Ryan soon calms down from laughing and asks Miller to tell him a story about back home, only for Miller to refuse.

The Battle[]

The unmistakable sound of heavy armor is soon heard in the distance springing them to their stations. Jackson relays to Miller what movement he can see: "Tiger tanks; 2 of 'em. Panther tanks; 2 of 'em. Infantry; 50 plus change." Miller appears to be calmly overwhelmed before giving the order for his men to spring into action. Private Reiben goes out to meet the Germans, using a SdKfz 2 Kettenkrad to bait them into town.

Last minute preparations are made as men move into position and explosives are armed. Reiben's BAR fire can be heard in the distance and soon the Kettekrad turns back onto the main road. He's dropped off beside the foxhole in the street where Miller and others are holed up.

The sound of the incoming armor echos through the hollow streets and buildings of the village. German soldiers finally appear at the end of the main street and pause. After a few moments they move forward, past the main street, a tank destroyer with troop formation following closely also move past. A half-track with more soldiers moves past. The plan has already failed. Miller looks up to the bell tower, Jackson relays that enemy troops are also moving to the west side of the village, seemingly avoiding the main drag. A tiger tank then appears, cruising on its way east but then stops abruptly. Germans can be heard communicating and after a pause the tiger turns onto the main street and begins heading towards Miller and his men. No one moves as they wait for the opportune time to ambush.

Private Toynbe is waiting anxiously and decides to detonate mines planted near the end of the street. They explode behind the tiger tank but right in the middle of roughly 20 German soldiers following. Henderson on the street and Parker in the bell tower use crossfire with their .30 caliber machine guns to pounce on any surprised German soldiers sprinting for cover, leaving the Tiger Tank exposed. An overly eager paratrooper charges the tank from cover attempting to plant a sticky bomb, but the fuse is too short and he explodes just before planting it, infuriating Miller. The lingering tank destroyer with light troop support then enters the main street in an attempt to save the tiger tank.

Jackson urgently signals to Miller that there is "30 infantry on right flank". Miller screams the same message to Henderson and Mellish as they need to run over and add suppressing fire. The Tiger Tank then turns its turret on Henderson's position and fires into the rubble just as they displace, simultaneously leaving Miller's immediate right flank exposed. They move a few houses down across the street, into the upstairs of a cafe where a hole in the wall gives them a line of site on the first tank destroyer and dozens of soldiers moving uncontested. More urgent is that there is a squad of Germans right outside the hole. They quickly engage them and put much needed fire on the troops on the east side. Upham arrives bringing much needed ammunition but quickly leaves to get more.

The Tiger Tank makes the mistake of trying to break through the American line. Paratroopers successfully plant sticky bombs on the tracks, and all cover themselves as best they can. Stickybombs work and the tank stops. With the bulk of enemy troop support on every street except the main street, a tank destroyer coming to aid the tiger tank remains exposed. Two paratroopers hiding in the building at the entrance throw Molotov cocktails into the open part of the armor, setting the crew on fire. Later, Weller, Toynbe, Gary and Unknown Parathroper join Miller, Ryan, Lyle and Reiben as they come out of hiding to take total control of the street and disable the tiger tank. The street is quiet, you can hear shots from other parts of the village. Miller tells Ryan to stay in the trench as they ambush the tank, but the tiger tank that wants to defend itself turns its turret towards Ryan or possibly the building right in front of him and shoots when Reiben grabs Ryan and pulls him away. Miller empties the driver's optics clip and runs frantically towards Ryan.

101st Airborne soldiers disabling a tank seconds before being killed by the Flak 20mm.

Miller finds Reiben and Ryan unscathed. Paratroopers jump into the tank and throw grenades into the open hatch, closing it for good. Immediately, the German unit on the eastern side moves to the open right flank with a 20mm anti-aircraft gun. The only paratrooper facing east is Toynbe, he warns others to split up, but 20mm completely destroys paratroopers except Toynbe, dealing a devastating toll to an already small group. Jackson tries to shoot the 20mm crew directly below him, but cannot from his position. To see if the Germans are heading towards Miller, Jackson goes to the east window and finds a half-track and soldiers charging south towards the bridge. Miller, Reiben, and Ryan set the 20mm crew on fire, but that only caught the crew's attention and were forced to retreat a few houses down the street. German soldiers overtake the street and start shooting Miller and the retreating men, killing the wounded Lyle and Weller in the process. Upham gets caught in the crossfire trying to get more ammunition for Henderson and Mellish, forcing him to hide with Miller. When the Americans fled to the trenches, the Germans fired a panzerschreck and killed Garrity and deafened Fallon, excluding him from the fight.

Jackson and Parker seconds before their death

Jackson and Parker turn all of their attention to the east side of town in an attempt to stop the German advance but only draw the ire of the first tank destroyer. Jackson picks off one of the crew members and begins to pick off enemy troops. The tank destroyer, not out of action, destroys the bell tower, crippling Miller's ability to effectively defend.

Henderson and Mellish continue to fight on in the cafe, but are being heavily suppressed as they've run out of ammo for their machine gun. Resorting to small arms fire and throwing back enemy grenades, they desperately hold on, calling for Upham. Upham is still in a foxhole with Miller, Reiben, Toynbe and Ryan who are exchanging fire with the Germans up the street, but are being suppressed by the 20mm. Reiben decides he's going to try to single handily flank the 20mm crew. He moves across the street behind the cafe but has to slip between rumble and debris as the tank destroyer fresh off of destroying the bell tower tries to flank Miller.

Mellish suffers an untimely end.

Henderson and Mellish run out of 30. Calibre, having nothing but their their own rifles to return fire with. Upham finally sprints across the street but hides behind the cafe wall as German soldiers file down the debris into the cafe patio. Henderson and Mellish are still hopelessly exchanging fire with Germans outside when they hear someone coming up the stairs. Mellish yells "Upham?" twice before Henderson fires a burst through the wall, a body falls, and blood leaks into the room. There's a tense moment of silence and confusion but it is broken as a German soldier returns fire through the wall striking Henderson in the throat, the same soldier attempts to blind fire at Mellish around the door. He charges in but Mellish kills him with his last round and is forced to fight the third German soldier hand-to-hand. After wrestling each other to the ground, they both fight relentlessly, neither one staying on top of the other for long. Mellish calls for Reiben to assist but is focussed on flanking the 20mm. Mellish bites the German's hand and beats him. Seizing the moment, he pulls his bayonet but the soldier catches his hand and takes the knife from him. The German soldier then stabs Mellish through the chest despite his pleas, killing him. The soldier leaves to find Upham cowering and weeping on the staircase. Upham is unable to will himself to kill the soldier. The German leaves him be, an emotional wreck, and returns to the fighting.

Sergeant Horvath, who may had gone to retrieve a bazooka, appears from behind a wall and destroys the tank destroyer. The infantry men notice him and open fire, one U.S. A direct line of fire but their rifle jams, the two throwing their helmets and drawing their sidearms. Horvath is quicker but the German lands a bullet in the sergeant's thigh as he falls. Horvath curses the Nazi as he falls behind a wall to check on his wound. Reiben finds high ground in a building and eliminates the 20mm crew. Miller and Ryan run out of ammunition so they begin to toss mortar rounds by hand at German soldiers on the main street and on their right flank, at anything that moves. The final Tiger I, commanded by Major Hoess enters the main street but the destroyed armor do their job and create a blockade. He instructs his crew and soldiers on the ground to flank west. They force Miller, Ryan and Toynbe out of the foxhole and to head for the bridge.

The survivors can do nothing but retreat

The Americans are in full retreat. Miller, Ryan, Toynbe, Horvath, Upham and Reiben on the main, and Trask, Wilson and Rice on the east with half-track and troop support in pursuit. As they reach the barbed wire in front of the bridge, Toynbe is fatally wounded, and Horvath and Reiben unsuccessfully shoot Tiger I from the M1A1 Bazooka to slow the advance. Miller and Ryan run to the Alamo to prepare the bridge for detonation. Upham is left by Horvath on the other side of the bridge, where he clings to the trench while the Germans swarm around him but cannot see him. The rest of the paratroopers outside Rice stay on the other side of the Alamo Bridge. Horvath, on the other hand, is fatally wounded during the retreat. The remaining American soldiers, Miller, Ryan, Rice and Reiben, continued to shoot the advancing Germans. A stray bullet tears off Miller's arm and his face is cut open. Hoess's tiger crosses the bridge and shoots at the building directly next to Miller, sending him to the ground as he pushes the detonator to the other side. Moments later, Trask is beaten to death by the Germans.

Upham notices that one of the German soldiers in front of him is Steamboat Willie. German soldiers shoot relentlessly at the Americans on the other side of the river, killing Wilson who was trying to run across the bridge. Miller, stunned by the blast, stumbles towards the detonator a few feet on the bridge. The steamer Willie fatally shot him. Mortally wounded Miller pulls out his gun and starts defiantly firing at the Hoess Tiger tank as it drives over the bridge.

The tank suddenly explodes when the American P-51 passes by. Several more bombs fell on the city from other P-51s. The Germans begin to retreat, but Upham stops the squad in front of him and kills Steamboat Willie at close range, allowing the others to escape. Reiben tries to treat Miller's wound as American reinforcements arrive. Ryan informs Miller of the names of the fighters that flew overhead. Realizing Miller needs a medic, she leaves to find him. Miller tells Ryan to "earn it" with his last breath. The medic arrives too late, unable to do anything.

The three survivors of the battle (Reiben, Upham, and Ryan) look on at Captain Miller's corpse. Caparzo's letter changes hands once again as Reiben takes it from inside Miller's jacket.

Aftermath[]

The Battle was won by the Americans, but at a high cost. At least 15 men were killed, and 3 men were injured. Among the dead was Captain John H. Miller, who commanded the combined Airborne and Ranger forces at Ramelle. The bridge was kept from the Germans, and Ramelle came under American occupation after the battle.

Trivia[]

  • Just like the beginning of the film, approximately 103 deaths are visible in the final battle at The Alamo hideout. For a list of the entire bodycount, see the bodycount here.
  • Although the German force depicted is the 2nd SS Panzer Division, the 2nd SS Panzer Division didn't reach Normandy until the end of June having been stationed in Southern France on D-Day.
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